Overcoming Heart Disease and Heart Attack

Posted by hidup sehat On Saturday, October 8, 2011 0 comments

Heart
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body. In a heart attack (myocardial infarction), part of the heart muscle to die while not getting blood. To stay healthy, the heart needs oxygen and other nutrients carried by blood. This is obtained through the artery (blood vessel) disease, which wrap the outside of the heart.



Heart Disease

These diseases can affect any part of the heart. However, the most common disease is a chronic disease in the coronary arteries is called atherosclerosis. Therefore, heart disease commonly known and most common is coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease. The disease is most often causes a heart attack in someone who can cause death. The cause is narrowing of the coronary arteries, where the vessel serves to provide blood to the heart muscle. The narrowing is caused by a pile of cholesterol or other proteins derived from food that enters the body. This buildup causes the coronary arteries become stiff. Stiffness is called atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis occurs when there is accumulation of plaque or fatty deposits on artery walls. Over time, plaque can build up, harden and narrow arteries, and inhibits blood flow to the heart. Coronary artery disease or coronary artery disease (CAD) is what sets the stage for most heart attacks.

Blockage in one or more coronary arteries can cause heart attack suddenly. The reason for asking the heart exceeds the available oxygen thus triggering a heart attack. Why? If the heart muscle does not receive oxygen for a long time, surrounding tissue may be damaged. Unlike other tissues, the heart muscle does not regenerate. The longer the attack, the more damage to the heart and the more likely to die.

Even in the arteries that are not too narrow because timbungan plaque and fatty, deposits of plaque can break off and form a crust of blood or thrombus. In addition, the diseased arteries also tend to experience sudden muscle contractions. Thus, a piece of crust in the blood can form a contraction, releasing chemicals which then result in narrowing the artery wall, triggering a heart attack.

If the working system of the heart is damaged, the heart's normal rhythm can become chaotic and the heart began to tremble with erratic or experiencing fibrillation. This abnormal rhythm known as arrhythmia is a deviation from normal heart rhythm. This will cause the heart loses its ability to pump blood effectively to the brain. Within ten minutes, brain death and the patient was beyond help.

In addition to coronary heart disease due to fat deposition in the arterial wall, there are also other heart diseases caused by abnormalities at birth. For example an imperfect heart, abnormal heart valves, weakened heart muscle. Another cause is the bacteria that cause infections of the heart.



Symptoms of Heart Disease
If symptoms of heart attacks happen to you:
Recognize any of these symptoms occur whether chest pain, shortness of breath, or palpitations.

Cease immediately all work no matter what you are doing and sit or lie down while you draw a deep breath.

If you are alone while symptoms last more than a few minutes immediately contact the local emergency phone number and say you have a heart attack. Or contact the people around you by giving the same information.

If anyone can take you to the hospital more quickly than the arrival of paramedics, immediately ask for help go to take you to the emergency room at the hospital. Faster would be better handled.

But if you wait paramedic team arrived, so while waiting, you can loosen tight clothing, including belts or ties. Make yourself in a position that feels comfortable.

Remain calm, no matter you are the victim or his salvation. The panic may increase the likelihood of arrhythmia or heart rhythm irregularities that threaten life.

The symptoms are perceived if you have coronary heart disease include pain or pain in the chest in which most people thought it was just as indigestion. Then other symptoms of feeling depressed in the middle of the chest for 30 seconds to 5 minutes. Another thing is the cold sweat, palpitations, dizziness, and felt like fainting. These symptoms are not always perceived the sufferer. Another warning sign is shortness of breath during exercise.

For several months before the heart attack usually people with heart disease often feel very tired. Do not assume these symptoms are caused by lack of sleep and stress of the job.

Pain or feeling pressured in the chest, called angina, gave warning to half of those who suffer a heart attack. Some people experience shortness of breath or fatigue and feeling weak as symptoms, indicating that the heart is not getting enough oxygen because of coronary blockage.

Usually a few days before having a massive heart attack, a person will experience muscle contractions suddenly in the chest which is a minor attack or a mild heart attack. Generally mild heart attack occur before a major attack a few days later.



Tips to Prevent Heart Disease
To reduce risk of coronary heart disease, you can do the following things:

Healthy eating
Avoid foods that contain lots of fat or high cholesterol. Seafood has a high cholesterol content which can harm the heart. Reduce eating fried foods that contain lots of fat, otherwise the food can be processed by boiling, steaming or baking.

Wherever possible, the food products we eat low-fat or no fat. Choose milk, cheese, butter or other foods low in fat. Fry using olive oil has a little fat so that it can be an option if the need to process food by frying.

In addition to avoiding fatty foods, avoid foods with sugar content is also high like soft drinks. Do not consume karbohirat tertalu many, because in the body, carbohydrates are broken down into fat. In contrast, consumption of oats or wheat that can help keep the heart healthy.

Keep your diet is not excessive to avoid obesity, because someone who has a waist circumference greater than 80 cm, greater risk of developing this disease.
Stop smoking
Cigarette smoking is not good for heart health, then immediately stop this practice in order to stay healthy heart.
Avoid Stress
Stress is very difficult to avoid when living in big cities like Jakarta is known for its jams and preoccupations. When a person experiences stress, the body will release the hormone cortisol, which causes the blood vessels become stiff. Hormone norepinephrine to produce the body when suffering from stress, which may increase blood pressure. So, very good if you avoid the stress both in the office or at home.
Hypertension
Problem of hypertension or high blood pressure can also cause heart disease. Hypertension can injure the arterial wall and allows the channel to enter the arteries of LDL cholesterol and increase the accumulation of plaque.
Obesity
Overweight or obese increases the high blood pressure and abnormal fat. Avoiding or treating obesity or obesity is the main way to avoid diabetes. Diabetes accelerates coronary heart disease and increased risk of heart attack.
Exercise regularly
You can do sports activities such as walking, brisk walking, or jogging. Sports activities are competitive and not too much work to strengthen the heart and blood circulation throughout the body.
Consumption of antioxidants
Air pollution, motor vehicle fumes or smoke created the emergence of free radicals in the body. Free radicals can cause ulcers or deposits in blood vessels that can cause blockages. To remove the content of free radicals in the body, the need for antioxidants that will catch and throw. Antioxidants can be obtained from a variety of fruits and vegetables.
Offspring
One whose parents or siblings have had heart attack before age 60 have a greater risk of suffering from this disease. Therefore, if you have relatives who have had a heart attack, you should be more careful in keeping the diet and lifestyle you can support a healthy heart.


Overcoming Heart Disease
If you feel the early symptoms of heart disease or had suffered a mild heart attack, do not ignore it. You desperately need early treatment by trained medical personnel. This can save the heart from further damage and can even avoid the consequences are more fatal as death.

But if heart attack symptoms begin to occur, it is important to seek immediate medical assistance. The risk of death from heart attack is within one hour after the heart attack. Rapid and appropriate treatment of the medical team could save heart muscle from damage that can not be repaired. The more heart muscle is saved, the more effective will the heart pumping again after the attack. Do not put off getting medical help because of fear is considered absurd.

When a blockage has occurred, the medical action is generally taken with the installation of catheterization and rings that keep coronary arteries are not clogged. However, there may be some blockage in other arteries.



Dear to your heart
Looking at the heart of this precious organ for survival, then immediately improve your lifestyle to stay healthy. Start enjoying the foods that are healthy, nutritious and low in cholesterol. Avoid smoking and stress. And exercise regularly. Start with a healthy lifestyle from this day to love your heart.

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